Iran is heir to one of the world’s oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Proto-Elamite and Elamite kingdoms in 3200–2800 BC. The area was first unified by the Iranian Medes 625 BC, becoming the dominant cultural and political power in the region. Iran reached the pinnacle of its power during the Achaemenid Empire founded by Cyrus the Great in 550 BC, which at its greatest extent stretched from parts of Eastern Europe in the west, to the Indus Valley in the east, making it the largest empire the world had yet seen. The empire collapsed in 330 BC following the conquests of Alexander the Great but reemerged shortly after as the Parthian Empire. Under the Sassanid Dynasty, Iran again became one of the leading powers in the world for the next four centuries.

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Iran known as Persia is formally the Islamic Republic of Iran a sovereign state in Western Asia. Tehran is the country’s capital and largest city, as well as its leading cultural and economic center.

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Armenia,  the de facto Nagorno-Karabakh Republic, and Azerbaijan border it’s Northwest. Kazakhstan and Russia across the Caspian Sea border its North. Afghanistan and Pakistan border its East. The Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman border south. While Turkey and Iraq border West.

Comprising a land area of 1,648,195 km2 (636,372 sq mi), it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 18th-largest in the world. With 78.4 million inhabitants, Iran is the world’s 17th-most-populous country. It is the only country with both the Caspian Sea and an Indian Ocean coastline. The country’s central location in Eurasia and Western Asia and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz make it of great geostrategic importance.

What is little known, however, is that many Iranians suffer from #backpain and #neckpain. Citizens of Iran are not aware that studies say that 1/138 to 1/276 UAE’s $404 Billion US dollars GDP is spent on spine related problems, costing $1.5 – $3 billion US dollars. Furthermore, the spine affects the physical, emotional and financial well-being of each of Persia’s 78.5 million citizens.

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A recent study by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and published in Lancet shows that in 1990 and in 2013, the world’s #1 source and burden of disability is low back pain, and the world’s #4 source and burden of disability is neck pain. 

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