Biologic options in spine surgery identify various ways of augmentation of spinal surgeries and fusions using cellular therapy.
Dr. Marshall Urist, the father of biologics in orthopedics, discovered BMPs and provided an extensive intraoperative tool for enhancing spinal fusion and healing.
Autologous stem cells and cellular therapies speak to the use of stem cells, for example, the mesenchymal stem cells, the endothelial progenitor cells, and the hematopoietic stem cells. Cellular therapy describes the use of concentrated granulocytes, lymphocytes, platelets and red blood cells to shorten healing and enhance spinal fusion.
Gene therapy is currently under study.